L-Arginine & L-Carnitine
L-arginine is a chemical building block called “an amino acid.” It is obtained from the diet and is necessary for the body to make proteins. L-arginine is found in red meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products. L-arginine is used for heart and blood vessel conditions including congestive heart failure (CHF), chest pain, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease. L-arginine is also used for recurrent pain in the legs due to blocked arteries (intermittent claudication), decreased mental capacity in the elderly (senile dementia), erectile dysfunction (ED), and male infertility.
Some people use L-arginine for preventing the common cold, high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia), improving athletic performance, boosting the immune system. L-arginine is used in combination with a number of over-the-counter and prescription medications for various conditions. For example, L-arginine is used along with ibuprofen for migraine headaches!
* It is also used for sexual problems in both men and women!
How does it work?
L-arginine is converted in the body into a chemical called nitric oxide. Nitric oxide causes blood vessels to open wider for improved blood flow. L-arginine also stimulates the release of growth hormone, insulin, and other substances in the body.
L-Carnitine helps make energy in your body! Most carnitine comes from the liver and kidneys, but you also get some from food. People take carnitine for athletic performance, heart disease, memory problems, and other issues. Most supplements contain one type of carnitine called L-carnitine. It’s the same type that’s in food.
L-carnitine is a popular supplement for athletes! L-carnitine supplements do seem to help with heart disease and other heart problems. Studies show it may help people with a history of heart attacks, along with standard treatment. It may also improve health in people with chest pain, heart failure, and peripheral artery disease.
*L-carnitine supplements may help with thyroid problems, male infertility, memory and thinking problems in older people, chemotherapy side effects, and type 2 diabetes.
Carnitine is in many animal products. Red meat has the highest levels. A 4-ounce beef steak has an estimated 56 mg to 162 mg of carnitine. Carnitine is also found in smaller amounts in chicken, milk and dairy products, fish, beans, and avocado, Vegans tend to get less carnitine from foods.
How does it work?
L-Carnitine transports fatty acids to energy centers of cells known as mitochondria. These powerhouses transform substances into energy through a process called oxidation. Think of it as plugging into a socket and generating electricity. All this happens with no effort on our part!
BCAAs (Branched-chain Amino Acids) – are not vitamins, they are amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Each individual amino acid has its own specific function, and the branched-chain amino acids are no different. The BCAAs, leucine, isoleucine, and valine comprise nearly 35 percent of the amino acids making up your skeletal muscle. Each amino acid has its individual functions as well.
The BCAAs themselves contribute directly to muscle hypertrophy and recovery. In a 2010 study published in the “International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism” it was shown that BCAA supplementation reduced delayed-onset muscle soreness. For endurance athletes, BCAA supplementation has been shown to increase the lactate threshold or point at which exercise stops using your oxygen systems as a primary source of fuel. A 2009 study in the “Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology” displayed an increase in endurance exercise capacity following BCAA supplementation!
Leucine – is an essential amino acid, which means that you cannot synthesize it and must consume it via diet, usually from a protein source. Leucine is the only protein that directly contributes to muscle protein synthesis without this amino acid, your ability to recover from both stress and exercise is compromised. Leucine also contributes to cell growth and the formation of sterols. Sterols are utilized in the process of forming steroidal hormones such as testosterone and estrogen. Eggs, soy and fish are good sources of leucine.
Isoleucine – is also an essential amino acid that you cannot produce on your own. Dietary proteins are a source of this amino acid as well, including eggs, seaweed, fish and many seeds. Isoleucine is an important amino acid as it assists your body in the utilization of ketone bodies and fatty acids. This is a critical process of fat mobilization and utilization. A deficit of this amino acid can not only limit your ability to mobilize fat, but cause cerebral dysfunction.
Valine – Foods high in valine include eggs, elk, seaweed, soy, and watercress. Valine has shown some effect on brain chemistry, which may affect performance, according to a 2001 study published in the “International Journal of Sports Medicine.” Valine, like the other branched-chain amino acids, can be broken down and converted to glycogen for use as fuel. This occurs primarily when your carbohydrate stores are low, or your diet is deficient in specific proteins and amino acids.
(Glutamine, Arginine & Caritine)
Energy and weight management targeting weight loss amino acids!
One of the issues with losing weight is maintaining the weight once you’ve lost it. It is common for people to gain the weight back, and slip back into old habits. The amino acid L-carnitine can help you to get a hold on your weight management.
L-carnitine is also known for supplying your body with energy since it releases stored energy. Sometimes when caloric intake is reduced people get a weak feeling, or lack the energy to stay awake, or get out and do things (even taking a walk can seem like too great an exertion). L-carnitine can help release the energy you need to move forward in your diet plan.
Store sugar as glycogen, not fat, targeting weight loss amino acids
Many times the food we eat gets stored as fat in the body. L-glutamine can help your body store the energy as a sugar called glycogen instead of fat, which makes it more usable by the body and easier to get rid of later. Glycogen is stored in the muscles and liver and plays an important role in the body’s glucose cycle. This can be used for quick energy, whereas fat takes longer to utilize and eliminate.
Boosting the metabolism targeting weight loss amino acids
Metabolism is a huge indicator in many people on whether they are prone to obesity or not. Having a slow metabolism can be a single inhibitor to weight loss when everything else seems to be going well for others on a similar diet. L-arginine is considered the natural metabolism booster.
The Weight Loss Amino Acids!!
- L-carnitine (weight management and energy),
- L-glutamine (storing sugar as glycogen instead of fat), and
- L-arginine (metabolism booster).